Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of relevant sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but often also for lounging,[two] also by both of those sexes. Much more typically, pajamas may possibly check with several garments, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of fashion and content.
The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The worldwide use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and nineteenth generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western earth in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they soon fell outside of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of assorted lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both of those sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans pidzame as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a very good several Other people within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture made of comfortable fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, pidzame or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas function a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century they are fairly exceptional.
Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in model such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a variety of elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times provided the latter for a pidzame major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a kind of brief dress leading above shorts or limited trousers.
Pajamas may possibly nowadays seek advice from Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.